Athetoid/Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy Lawyers

Birth Injury attorneys in wilkes-barre/scranton

Athetoid/Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy or A.D.C.P.

A.D.C.P. is primarily associated with damage to the basal ganglia but can also include damage to the cerebellum. The basal ganglia are a group of neurons located beneath the cerebral cortex that are primarily involved in motor functions.  They also process information related to emotions, motivations, and cognitive functions.  

The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) consist of multiple subcortical nuclei, of varied origin, in the brains of vertebrates, which are situated at the base of the forebrain.  Basal ganglia nuclei are strongly interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem, as well as several other brain areas.  The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of functions including control of voluntary motor movements, procedural learning, routine behaviors or “habits” such as eye movements, cognition and emotion.  

A.D.C.P. is characterized by both hypertonia (increased muscle tone or tension, i.e. stiff or ridge limbs)) and hypotonia (decreased muscle tone or tension, i.e. flaccid, relaxed, or floppy), due to the affected individual’s inability to control muscle tone. 

Athetoid cerebral palsy may be given other distinctions to further classify the condition based on the specific type of involuntary movement.

Various types of Athetoid Cerebral Palsy include: 

  • Dystonia – slow, rotational movement of the torso, arm or leg
  • Chorea – sudden involuntary movements, especially in fingers and toes
  • Athetosis – sluggish, writhing movements, mainly in fingers and face
  • Choreo-athetoid – a combination of chorea (jerky involuntary movements affecting especially the shoulders, hips, and face). and athetosis (abnormal muscle contractions cause involuntary writhing movements, impairing speech and use of the hands)
  • Ataxia – loss of balance and coordination
  • Rigidity – high muscle tone due to the fact hypertonia causes restricted movement
  • Dyskinesia – general term to describe involuntary movements

Signs of A.D.C.P. 

  • Slow, uncontrolled movements of the extremities and trunk
  • Small, rapid, random and repetitive, uncontrolled movements known as chorea may also occur
  • Involuntary movements often increase during period of emotional stress or excitement and disappear when the patient is sleeping or distracted
  • Difficulty in maintaining posture and balance when sitting, standing, and walking due to involuntary movements and fluctuations in muscle tone
  • Difficulty with coordinated activities such as reaching and grasping
  • Muscles of the face and tongue can be affected, causing involuntary facial grimaces, expressions and drooling
  • Speech and language disorders, known as dysarthria
  • Difficulties eating
  • Hearing and vision disabilities 

The symptoms of athetoid CP depend on whether the damage was solely to the basal ganglia, or if both the cerebellum and basal ganglia were damaged. 

Damage to the basal ganglia and possibility the cerebellum leading to Athetoid Cerebral Palsy can be caused by brain damage occurring either during pregnancy, delivery, or shortly after delivery.  

Athetoid Cerebral Palsy Malpractice 

Unfortunately, medical mistakes are the cause of thousands of cases of cerebral palsy and brain injuries.  Doctors and nurses caring for the mother and child are responsible for providing safe and effective care before, during and after birth.  When proper procedure is not followed, and the standard of care is broken, permanent brain damage to a child can occur, sometimes leading to Cerebral Palsy.

Possible mistakes during delivery or following delivery include the following:

  • Leaving a child in the birth canal too long causing a lack of oxygen to the brain
  • Failure to recognize and treat seizures following delivery
  • Failure to detect a prolapsed cord
  • Excessive use of vacuum extraction
  • Excessive use of Pitocin to induce labor
  • Failure to perform a C-section in the presence of fetal distress
  • Not responding to changes in the fetal heart rate
  • Failure to plan a C-section given the existence of risk factors
  • Failure to timely diagnose and treat jaundice
  • Failure to timely diagnose and treat sepsis and meningitis

Indicators to investigate your child's A.D.C.P. for medical negligence:

  • Emergency delivery with forceps, vacuum extraction, or emergency C-section

  • Your child required resuscitation (CPR) after birth (your child may have been born appearing bluish)

  • Following delivery, your child was transferred to a different hospital, or spent time in the NICU
  • Your child had seizures immediately or shortly after birth
  • Your child required special testing after birth, such as an MRI, or brain sac
  • Your child required oxygen to facilitate breathing after birth
  • Low A.P.G.A.R. Score at birth

A team of birth injury lawyers to fight for you

If your child suffered injuries due to complications during pregnancy, delivery, or after delivery Latona Law is here to help.  Latona Law can evaluate your case and get answers because every birth injury deserves to be investigated. Get a free consultation today. 

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